Photo credit: ~86 TVs by Kevan Davis
Last Tuesday, Mexican Senate confirmed appointment of the 7 commissioners for IFETEL, the new telecom authority in Mexico replacing the COFETEL. Now that the IFETEL has been officially integrated as an autonomous regulator, it is time to catch up with major challenges that have been somehow left behind. Here are some of them.
1. For years, value added services have been sub-regulated, as traditional voice and data transport services have been on the spotlight of the Regulator. However, as internet services, apps and social networks are merging voice, data and video services, it is necessary to deregulate them enough to make them grow, but regulate them to avoid illegal activities, like abuse of dominant position and by-pass.
2. TV and Radio Law and Regulations were originally published on 1960, and many of their provisions got stuck in time despite the several amendments that have suffered, as well as vast case law from the Supreme Court and Federal Courts. With the recent Telecom Reform, foreign investment can have a participation up to 49%. This percentage could become handy for the upcoming tenders for Free-to-Air Digital TV and the radio frequencies. However, regulation needs to be designed for convergence and cross-ownership provisions with Congress collaboration.
3. Before 1991, telecommunication services were provided by the Government, mostly. Then, the industry was ruled by the Law of General Ways of Communications and the Regulations of Telecom. Thereafter, Telmex was fully privatised, and in 1995 the new Telecom Law was issued. However, the Regulations kept in force. On the text of the 2009 Telecom Reform, COFETEL was forced to draft new Regulations by August of that year. It has not happened yet and Regulations are very inconsistent with the new telecom services.
4. The 2013 Telecom Reform transfers telecom antitrust authority from COFECO (antitrust body) to IFETEL. Before that, the antitrust authority was shared. As COFECO was the leader of this partnership with knowledge, authority and specialists, COFETEL followed and executed such lead under the extent of the Law. However, as IFETEL is now the sole telecom antitrust authority, it will require to catch up, and avoid that operators challenges their resolutions in court.
5. Telmex is currently regulated by its Amended Concession Title. It contains several obligations for Telmex, as dominant player, as well as the prohibition to render TV services. Granting permission to Telmex for entering the TV industry would have a big impact on the service. Should it be granted? It depends whether the impact is good or not for the market. Should it be discussed? It must be.
Now that IFETEL is getting a fresh start with autonomy for redesigning the market, it is time to push forward the market. This time, let´s not forget that telecom remains a lawyers game.